Shalom Life | May 04, 2015

The Establishment of Israel - A Photo Retrospective

Shalom Life and LIFE Magazine take you back to 1948

By: David Shear

Published: July 15th, 2012 in News » Israel

The Establishment of Israel - A Photo Retrospective

When World War II finally came to an end, Britain found itself in conflict with the Jewish community, as the Haganah joined Irgun and Lehi in an armed struggle against British rule.

At the same time, hundreds of thousands of Jewish Holocaust survivors and refugees sought a new life far from their destroyed communities in Europe. The Yishuv attempted to bring these refugees to Palestine but many were turned away or rounded up and placed in detention camps by the British. In 1947, the British government announced it would withdraw from Mandatory Palestine, stating it was unable to arrive at a solution acceptable to both Arabs and Jews.

On December 1 1947, the Arab Higher Committee proclaimed a three-day strike, and Arab bands began attacking Jewish targets. The Jews were initially on the defensive as civil war broke out, but gradually moved onto the offensive. The Palestinian Arab economy collapsed and 250,000 Palestinian-Arabs fled or were expelled.

On 14 May 1948, the day before the expiration of the British Mandate, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel."

The following 20 photographs depict the struggles faced for these Jewish pioneers to settle in their new home, their home of Eretz Yisrael.


Two Israeli soldiers. May 1948. Frank Scherschel


View of Haifa from Mt. Carmel in June 1948. Frank Scherschel


Jewish people attempting to leave portion of city surrendered to Arab forces. Jerusalem, Israel. June 1948. John Phillips


Tel Aviv. May 1948. Frank Scherschel

Click on the page numbers to the right for more photos.

Baltimore ‘Riot Mom’ Needed in Jerusalem Baltimore ‘Riot Mom’ Needed in Jerusalem TrendingFBI Identifies One Gunman in Muhammad Cartoon Event Shooting in Texas FBI Identifies One Gunman in Muhammad Cartoon Event Shooting in Texas TrendingJewish Toronto Honours Community Leaders Ted and Elizabeth Sokolsky Jewish Toronto Honours Community Leaders Ted and Elizabeth Sokolsky Trending
 

From Israel with Love: President Rivlin Sends Gift to Royal Baby

May 04, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
From Israel with Love: President Rivlin Sends Gift to Royal Baby

Israeli President has specialty dress made for Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana

Read More

Lauryn Hill Succumbs to BDS Pressure, Cancels Israel Show

May 04, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
Lauryn Hill Succumbs to BDS Pressure, Cancels Israel Show

#KillingMeSoftly social media campaign likely reason Ms. Hill has decided to cancel her Thursday performance in Rishon Lezion

Read More

Baltimore ‘Riot Mom’ Needed in Jerusalem

May 04, 2015 | By Rafael Medoff, JNS.org
Baltimore ‘Riot Mom’ Needed in Jerusalem

The contrast between the famous Baltimore mother and relatives of young Palestinian rock throwers in Jerusalem could not be more striking

Read More

FBI Identifies One Gunman in Muhammad Cartoon Event Shooting in Texas

May 04, 2015 | By JNS.org
FBI Identifies One Gunman in Muhammad Cartoon Event Shooting in Texas

The gunman, one of two who were shot dead after opening fire at a free speech event, has ties to radical Islam

Read More

Israeli Restaurant in London Named Best in the United Kingdom

May 04, 2015 | By Roy Yerushalmi
Israeli Restaurant in London Named Best in the United Kingdom

GQ says The Palomar has 'the most chutzpah of any food and drink establishment operating in the country right now'

Read More

Jewish Toronto Honours Community Leaders Ted and Elizabeth Sokolsky

May 04, 2015 | By Dan Horowitz
Jewish Toronto Honours Community Leaders Ted and Elizabeth Sokolsky

Some 250 people, including politicians, community leaders and philanthropists, arrived to pay tribute to the Jewish power couple

Read More

WATCH: Ten Times Steve Ballmer's Gone Absolutely Crazy

May 01, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
WATCH: Ten Times Steve Ballmer's Gone Absolutely Crazy

With Game 7 of the Clippers-Spurs series taking place tomorrow, expect the business mogul and Clippers owner to be in full spirits

Read More

Former Staff Member Suing Al-Jazeera for Sexism & Both anti-American, and anti-Semitic, Statements

May 01, 2015 | By Caitlin Marceau
Former Staff Member Suing Al-Jazeera for Sexism & Both anti-American, and anti-Semitic, Statements

The former employee claims his boss would exclude women, and said that "whoever supports Israel should die a fiery death in hell"

Read More

More Headlines