Shalom Life | March 02, 2015

The Establishment of Israel - A Photo Retrospective

Shalom Life and LIFE Magazine take you back to 1948

By: David Shear

Published: July 15th, 2012 in News » Israel

The Establishment of Israel - A Photo Retrospective

When World War II finally came to an end, Britain found itself in conflict with the Jewish community, as the Haganah joined Irgun and Lehi in an armed struggle against British rule.

At the same time, hundreds of thousands of Jewish Holocaust survivors and refugees sought a new life far from their destroyed communities in Europe. The Yishuv attempted to bring these refugees to Palestine but many were turned away or rounded up and placed in detention camps by the British. In 1947, the British government announced it would withdraw from Mandatory Palestine, stating it was unable to arrive at a solution acceptable to both Arabs and Jews.

On December 1 1947, the Arab Higher Committee proclaimed a three-day strike, and Arab bands began attacking Jewish targets. The Jews were initially on the defensive as civil war broke out, but gradually moved onto the offensive. The Palestinian Arab economy collapsed and 250,000 Palestinian-Arabs fled or were expelled.

On 14 May 1948, the day before the expiration of the British Mandate, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel."

The following 20 photographs depict the struggles faced for these Jewish pioneers to settle in their new home, their home of Eretz Yisrael.


Two Israeli soldiers. May 1948. Frank Scherschel


View of Haifa from Mt. Carmel in June 1948. Frank Scherschel


Jewish people attempting to leave portion of city surrendered to Arab forces. Jerusalem, Israel. June 1948. John Phillips


Tel Aviv. May 1948. Frank Scherschel

Click on the page numbers to the right for more photos.

Obama and Netanyahu Duke it Out 'Star Wars' Style [VIDEO] Obama and Netanyahu Duke it Out 'Star Wars' Style [VIDEO] TrendingEgyptian TV Host: Jews Use the Holocaust to Suck the Blood of Germans Egyptian TV Host: Jews Use the Holocaust to Suck the Blood of Germans TrendingCanadians Honor Leonard Nimoy With $5 Bills Canadians Honor Leonard Nimoy With $5 Bills Trending
 

Drake Ties The Beatles Billboard Record

March 02, 2015 | By Ashley Baylen
Drake Ties The Beatles Billboard Record

14 tracks off Drake's 'If You're Reading This It's Too Late' are currently charting.

Read More

‘Shark Tank’s’ Mark Cuban Joins ‘Sharknado 3’

March 02, 2015 | By Ashley Baylen
‘Shark Tank’s’ Mark Cuban Joins ‘Sharknado 3’

The Dallas Mavericks owner and 'Shark Tank' star has been cast as the President in 'Sharknado 3'.

Read More

Harvey Weinstein Enlists Zac Posen to Revive Charles James

March 02, 2015 | By Ashley Baylen
Harvey Weinstein Enlists Zac Posen to Revive Charles James

Weinstein purchased the iconic label last year.

Read More

Obama and Netanyahu Duke it Out 'Star Wars' Style [VIDEO]

March 02, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
Obama and Netanyahu Duke it Out 'Star Wars' Style [VIDEO]

In hilarious new video posted online, the two Heads of State battle with light sabres as Darth Vader (played by Obama) and Obi-Wan Kenobi

Read More

Egyptian TV Host: Jews Use the Holocaust to Suck the Blood of Germans

March 02, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
Egyptian TV Host: Jews Use the Holocaust to Suck the Blood of Germans

In a broadcast segment, Gaber al-Karmoty claims mocking the Prophet Mohammad is fine, but the Holocaust is "of limits"

Read More

Canadians Honor Leonard Nimoy With $5 Bills

March 02, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
Canadians Honor Leonard Nimoy With $5 Bills

While "Spocking Fives" has been a trend for years, it's picked up since the 'Star Trek' actor died on Friday

Read More

After 43 Years of Waiting, IOC To Finally Commemorate Israeli Victims of Munich Games

March 02, 2015 | By Daniel Koren
After 43 Years of Waiting, IOC To Finally Commemorate Israeli Victims of Munich Games

International Olympic Committee will honor the 11 Israeli victims of the 1972 Munich massacre at Rio 2016

Read More

Facebook Finally Removes Hamas Page with 2.7 Million Likes

March 02, 2015 | By Itamar Eichner
Facebook Finally Removes Hamas Page with 2.7 Million Likes

Israeli students complain to social media network against page of Shehab News Agency, which shares Hamas' ideology, posting anti-Semitic and inciting content

Read More

More Headlines